In its most basic form, synergy means cooperation or working together.  When synergy occurs, two or more agents or forces interact, making their combined effect greater than the sum of their individual effects.  The result could be new ideas, greater productivity, new products... the list is endless.

As defined by the US Business Council for Sustainable Development, By-Product Synergy (BPS) is about the "synergy among diverse industries, agriculture, and communities, resulting in profitable conversion of by-products and wastes to resources promoting sustainability."  BPS promotes a shift from a waste disposal system to a reuse methodology, saving energy and cutting emissions. The wastes may serve as raw materials for existing products or as the basis for an entirely new product.

The unique co-location of diverse heavy, support and infrastructure industries in the Kwinana Industrial Area (KIA) provides a strong foundation for the identification and development of synergy opportunities. The 2002 Economic Impact Study identified over 100 interactions between existing industries in the KIA.

Existing Synergies

  • Existing Synergy Examples (download attachment below)
  • Industrial Reuse of By-product - Reuse of Gypsum from CSBP to Alcoa (download attachment below)
  • Kwinana Water Reclamation Plant (download attachment below)

Projects Under Development Independent of KIC

  • Phoenix Energy, if approved and the waste to energy plant is constructed, offers energy, steam and by-product synergies.

Continued Identification of Synergies
The Kwinana Industries Council is contributing to research to identify further synergies (Synergy: the potential ability for individuals or groups to be more successful working together than on their own), through Curtin University's Cooperative Research Centre for Sustainable Resource Processing (CSRP) and the Australian Research Council (ARC). As part of this research the CSRP is reviewing input and output data of materials used and emissions produced from companies in the Kwinana Industrial Area. The data is being reviewed and analysed to identify synergy opportunities. Business plans are then developed to further assess the feasibility of implementing the identified synergies. The presentation below provides further information on this research project.

  • Development of Regional Synergies in the Kwinana Industrial Area (download attachment below)

Eco-Efficiency Committee Projects
Established in 2002, the Committee was formed in response to the recommendations highlighted in the Kwinana Industrial Area Economic Impact Study 2002.  For several years the Committee worked with the Centre for Sustainable Resource Processing (CSRP) which provided the research work.  On 30 June 2011 the Committee was disbanded, in part due to CSRP ceasing, and the Committee's remaining work was picked up by the Environment and Planning Committee.

The Eco-Efficiency Committee aimed to idenfity and investigate opportunities for KIA industries where environmental, public health and financial benefits could be realised through: 

  • In-organic by-products
  • Energy
  • Water
  • Recyclables


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